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It has long been predicted that, as world water supplies are increasingly taxed by a burgeoning population, battles over water would ensue. Now, the effects of climate change seem to be accelerating the march toward conflict. As climate change precipitates drought and agricultural collapse, areas already short on water will be plunged into social and political disarray. The authors of a paper published by PNAS have concluded that just such a scenario has contributed to the ongoing Syrian civil war. http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2015/02/23/1421533112